The “top of the line” or “pro” versions of cameras…
1959 – 1973 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikon_F
1971 – 1980 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikon_F2
… 1971 – NIC, Nikon Integrated Coating, on lenses (first lens: Nikkor Auto 35mm f1.4)
… 1977 – AI, automatic aperture indexing)
1980 – 1988 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikon_F3
1988 – 1997 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikon_F4
1996 – 2004 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikon_F5
… 2000 – VR introduced (with AF VR Zoom Nikkor 80-400mm f/4.5-5.6D ED)
2004 – present http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikon_F6
Add to these camera bodies the Kodak and Fuji cameras that used the F-mount,
some others also did; Ricoh Singlex, Zenit, Phenix and maybe some more.
At least the most recent Nikons (F3 and later) take at least lenses made from 1977 and on.
The same goes for all the digital Nikon cameras starting with the D1 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikon_D1, 2.7MP),
which was introduced June 15, 1999 (i.e. as the F5 and F100 was present).
Lens and camera combinations that are compatible; http://www.nikonians.org/nikon/slr-lens.html
There is more than 60 million NIKKOR lenses in the world (source)
More info on lenses http://www.mir.com.my/rb/photography/hardwares/nikonfmount/lens1.htm
More on digital SLR’s: http://www.dpreview.com/products/nikon/slrs